SACE - Solar Air Conditioning in Europe

Cooling and air conditioning of commercial and increasingly more of residential builidings is a growing market all over Europe and particularly in the Mediterranean countries due to the increasing needs for thermal comfort, higher working and living standards and as a result of increased internal loads (i.e. from office equipment) and adverse outdoor air conditions that limit natural ventilation in urban environments. Solar energy can at least in principle cover a vast amount of the energy needs for cooling. Many single RD&D activities have been carried out in EU projects as well as in national projects in this field. However, there is a major lack of available information on the energy saving potential resulting from these technologies and their cost-performance. A comprehensive and comparative study on solar assisted air conditioning in Europe can bridge this need and promote their future growth and market integration.

The main objectives of this project were to:

  • make a horizontal study on the state-of-the-art of environmentally friendly technologies for air conditioning of buildings in Europe with an emphasis on cooling and dehumidification (summer air conditioning) and low temperature heat driven technologies
  • assess the potential of these technologies to use solar heat as the driving mechanism
  • achieve a broad overview about the state-of-the-art of solar assisted air conditioning in Europe
  • identify the strong and weak points of the reviewed technologies in relation to their energy performance, environmental impact and financial viability
  • indentify future needs and necessary actions in order to better exploit the potential of the identified technologies
  • contribute in the advancement of promising technologies that will accelerate their introduction to the market.

The duration of the project was 18 months and was completed in August 2003.

Some of the results are presented here:


Guidelines

Guidelines01_introduction.pdf

17.6 K

Guidelines02_principles.pdf

78 K

Guidelines03_absorption_H2O_LiBr.pdf

37 K

Guidelines04_absorption_NH3_H2O.pdf

64 K

Guidelines05_adsorption.pdf

46 K

Guidelines06_liq_desiccants.pdf

66 K

Guidelines07_sol_desiccants.pdf

155 K

Solar Cooling Light Computer Toolę

SolarCoolingLight.zip

5.1 M

SolarCoolingLight-User-Guidelines.pdf

1.0 M

Case studies Austria

Au01.pdf

150 K

Au02.pdf

871 K

Case studies Croatia

Cr01.pdf

491 K

Case studies Germany

Ge01.pdf

29 K

Ge02.pdf

23 K

Ge03.pdf

27 K

Ge04.pdf

50 K

Ge05.pdf

178 K

Ge06.pdf

30 K

Ge07.pdf

15.2 K

Ge08.pdf

11.6 K

Ge09.pdf

11.1 K

Ge10.pdf

23 K

Ge11.pdf

64 K

Ge12.pdf

132 K

Case studies Guadeloupe

Gp01.pdf

81 K

Case studies Greece

He01.pdf

88 K

He02.pdf

475 K

He03.pdf

466 K

He04.pdf

312 K

He05.pdf

515 K

He06.pdf

1.7 M

He07.pdf

1.7 M

Case studies Israel

Is01.pdf

325 K

Is02.pdf

1.1 M

Is03.pdf

515 K

Is04.pdf

111 K

Case studies Netherlands

Ne04.pdf

78 K

Ne05.pdf

2.1 M

Ne07.pdf

37 K

Ne08.pdf

47 K

Ne10.pdf

738 K

Ne11.pdf

19.8 K

Ne12.pdf

0.9 M

Ne13.pdf

165 K

Ne14.pdf

12.2 K

Ne16.pdf

15.9 K

Ne17.pdf

18.3 K

Ne19.pdf

117 K

Ne20.pdf

142 K

Ne21.pdf

58 K

Ne22.pdf

607 K

Ne23.pdf

70 K

Ne24.pdf

15.3 K

Ne25.pdf

142 K

Ne26.pdf

141 K

Ne27.pdf

2.1 M

Ne28.pdf

168 K

Case studies Malta

ML03.pdf

345 K

Ml01.pdf

353 K

Ml02.pdf

662 K

Case studies Portugal

Pr01.pdf

10.3 K

Pr02.pdf

7.7 K

Case studies Serbia & Montenegro

Yg01.pdf

417 K

Case studies Spain

Sp01.pdf

468 K

Sp02.pdf

315 K

Case studies Turkey

Tr01.pdf

108 K


Some of the results can be downloaded here: